VITEEE Syllabus of Biology VIT Engineering Entrance Examination Biology syllabus for MBBS admission

The following resource will give you the information about the VIT, VITEEE Syllabus of Biology syllabus for VIT exam Biology syllabus for VITEEE Biology syllabus Biology syllabus for entrance exams Vellore institute of technology VIT exam biology syllabus.

Taxonomy Of Living Organisms
Linnaeus and binomial nomenclature – history and types of classification – status of bacteria and viruses – botanical garden and herbaria – zoological parks and museums and economical and cultural importance – salient features of various plant groups – classification of angiosperms up to series level (Bentham and Hooker's system) – salient features of nonchordates upto phylum level and chordates up to class level.

Darwinism, Neo-Darwinism, Lamarkism, Neo-Lamarkism – modern concepts of natural selection – theories and evidences of evolution (fossil record and biochemical evidences) – sources of variation, mutation, recombination, genetic drift, migration, natural selection – origin and concepts of species: speciation and isolation (geographical and reproductive).

Cell Biology
Cell theory (Schelieden and Schwann) – Discovery of cell and cell as a self contained unit – prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells and their ultrastructures– unicellular and multicellular organisms – tools and techniques used in cell biology – compound microscope and electron microscope – cell division: amitosis, mitosis and meiosis.

Heredity and variation – Mendel's laws of inheritance – chromosomal basis of inheritance – linkage and crossing over – mutation and chromosomal aberration – sex linked inheritance – Karyotyping analysis – chromosomal mapping – DNA as a genetic material: structure, replication – RNA structure and types – genetic diversity.

Microbiology And Immunology
Introduction and history of microbiology – Leeuwenhoek, Pasteur, Robert Koch, Lister – Virology: structure, genetics, culture and diseases – bacteriology: structure, genetics and diseases – Protozoan microbiology – pathogenecity of microorganisms – antimicrobial resistance and chemotherapy – innate immunity – lymphoid organs, thymus – T-cells, Bcells ; immunoglobins structure – transplantation and types – immune system disorders.

Plant Physiology
Morphology of root, leaf, stem, flowers and their modifications – tissue and tissue systems – anatomy of mono and dicot roots, leaves and stems – secondary growth – Photosynthesis: light and dark reactions, C3 and C4 plants – Photophosphorylation: cyclic and noncyclic – photorespiration – transpiration – types and modes of nutrition – mechanism of respiration – glycolysis – Kreb's cycle – anaerobic pathway – compensation point and fermentation – respiratory quotient (RQ).

Human Physiology
Nutrition: Digestion, Body-mass ratio, calorie value (ICMR standards), balanced diet, obesity –respiration: inspiration, expiration, exchange of gases, process of pulmonary respiration – Digestion: enzymes and its action – Muscular systems: mechanism of action – Circulation: mechanisms of blood circulation, structure of heart – Excretion: ureotelism, urea biosynthesis, nephron ultrafilteration – nervous system: physiology, coordination systems, brain function and receptor organs – reproduction: spermatogenesis, oogenesis, in vitro fertilization – endocrines: harmones and their functions.

Molecular Biology And Biotechnology
Concept of gene – central dogma of molecular biology – gene regulation – rDNA technology –– transgenic plants and microbes – gene cloning – genetically modified organisms – gene expression – gene bank – management of plant and animal genetic resources – genetic conservation – microbial type culture – genetic typing studies.

Ecology And Environment
Human population and explosion – ecosystems – ecological succession – conservation and biodiversity (Biosphere reserves) – wild life: legislation and conservation of wild life – global warming crisis and green house effect – biogeochemical cycle (O2 , C and N elements) – extinction of species – waste management – pollution (water, air, soil, noise and temperature).

Applied Biology And Human Welfare
Plant tissue culture and applications – livestock and management – cattle breeding and poultry – farming methods – pisciculture – crops of economic importance: food yielding rice, oil yielding : groundnut, fibre yielding cotton, timber yielding teak – food production: breeding experiments, Biofertilizers – brief account of crop and animal diseases and their control – ethical concerns – biopatent – biopiracy – genetically modified foods – biowar – bioethics – gene therapy – recent advances in vaccine development.

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