History Of Maharashtra - The Rise Of Dynasties And The Evolution Of Culture

The History of Maharashtra is a long term changes of the rules in the Physical location and also becoming the Capital of the large empires of the Tuglaq Emperor. Maharashtra has also witnessed the Maratha Empire which ruled most of the Central and North province along with the center of India being Delhi.

Maharashtra is the state of India with being one of the large statesof the Country and located on the western borders of the country. Maharashtra consists of a large geographical area and the word Maharashtra has various meaning.

The word Maharashtra seems to be derived from Sanskrit where Maha means great and the word Rashtra is derived from the Sanskrit word Rashtrika which were mentioned in some of Ashoka's inscriptions which alludes to the people od the Deccan who were progenitors of the Marathi speaking people later known as the Maharasjtri Prakrit. In plain words Maharashtra also means as the Great Dominion.

History of Maharashtra
Maharashtra has a big and old history dating back to the 246 BC year in which the Mauryan emperor Asoka had sent an embassy and Maharashtraka was recorded in the inscription of Chalukya of 580 CE which included 3 provinces and 99000 villages.

Maharashtra also appeared in the inscription of the 7th Century AD written by Hiuen – Tsang. Hiuen Tsang was a Chinese traveler. In the year 90 AD, the son of Satavahana King – Vedishri also known as the Lord of Pratihara, made Junnar, which is a place thirty miles away from Pune in the north direction as the capital of his kingdom. Further, the kingdom was also ruled by Kharavela, Western Satraps then the Gupta Empire followed by the Vakataka, then the Kadambas then by the Chalukya Empire and the Rashtrakuta Dynasty and the Western Chalukya before the Yadava rule.

Yadava dynasty ruled most of the Maharashtra until the 14th century when they were defeated by the Delhi Sultanate ruler Ala-ud-din Khalji. In the years to come, Muhammad bin Tughluq conquered parts of the Deccan plateau and then shifted his capital city from Delhi to Daulatabad in Maharashtra. Shortly after, the Tughlaqs were defeated in the year 1347 AD and were taken over by the local Bahmani Sultanate of Gulbarga who governed the region of the Maharashtra for nearly 150 years.

In the year 1518, the state of Maharashtra was split and ruled by 5 Deccan Sultanates namely the Nizamshah of Ahmednagar, The Adilshah of Bijapur, The Qutubshah of Golkonda and the nthe Bidarshah of Bidar and the Imadshah of Berar. These Kingdoms and the Sultanates also fought in between each other to conquer each other.

They also fought together against the Vijayanagara Empire of South in the year 1565 AD. The present Mumbai was ruled by the Sultanate of Gujarat and was then later captured by the Portugal in the year 1535.

The Faruqi dynasty ruled the Khandesh region between 1382 to 1601 which was later taken up by the Mughal Annexation. Malik Ambar increased the strength of Murtaza Nizam Shah and created a large army.

By the early years of the 17th century, Shahaji Bhosale who was a General in the service of the Mughals and the Adil Shah of Bijapur, made an attempt to establish independent rule. His son, Shivaji Bhosale succedded in establishing the Maratha Empire which was further expanded by the Bhonsle of Nagpur, Gaekwad of Baroda, Holkar of Indore, Scindia of Gwalior and Peshwas. Fighting through the battles the Maratha Empire ruled the Central and North India including New Delhi up to the end of the 18th century and the early years of the 19th century, when the East India Company ruled the country in 1819.

Under the British Rule, many of the Princely states retained their autonomy in return for acknowledging British Suzerainty. Many of the Princely states in the British rule in Maharashtra were Nagpur, Satara, Kolhapur, Satara which later became the Provinces in 1903. Leaders like the Bal Gangadhar Tilak and others like Justice Mahadev Govind Ranade, Gopal Krishna Gokhale,Vinayak Damodar Savarkar, Pherozeshah Mehta and Dadabhai Naoroji took active part in the Quit India movement which was called by Gandhi – The Father of the Nation.

BG Kher was the first Chief Minister of the Tri-Lingual Bombay Presidency. After the Independence of India, the princely states were integrated in the Union of India to become a part of the State of Maharashtra.


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