Tamil nadu Agricultural Crops Information

Tamil nadu Agricultural Crops This is the information on Tamilnadu agricultural crops. Economy of Tamilnadu mostly depends on agriculture and industries. Total agricultural land is 210.62 lakh hectares. Mostly 3/4 of the state population depends on agriculture. The climate and weather condition of the state is favorable for the growth of different types of food crops. To know more about Tamilnadu agriculture, read the below article.

The state of Tamil nadu is famous for its culture and activities. The main occupation of the state is based upon agriculture and farming. It is seen that around 70% of the population in Tamilnadu is dependent upon agriculture and the related activities. Thus it is proved that agriculture is the main source of source of revenue for the people in the state.

The growth of agriculture in Tamilnadu

The state of Tamilnadu is spread over the area of 1.3 lakh sq.km and the area used for farming is around 63LHa. The government of Tamilnadu is supportive and active to improve the technique as well as the production of agriculture. The population of the state is increasing every year, and as agriculture is the main occupation of the state, it is necessary to improve the production of crops. The government has taken active steps to provide raw materials and job opportunities to the people living in rural area. The agriculture Department of Tamilnadu is taking necessary step to improve and increase the production of crops and the quality of the product by adopting new technologies and schemes.
They are concentrating on various schemes and programs like-
1. Intensive integrated farming system
2.Wasteland development program
3.Wide-ranging watershed development activity
4.Micro irrigation system for water management
5.Organic farming
6.Soil health improvement with the help of bio fertilizer and green manure Implementation of INM (integrated nutrient management) and
IPM - integrated pest management technologies to improve the agricultural reduction and the economic status of the state.

Important crops in Tamilnadu

The major crops in Tamilnadu state are rice, maize, jowar, bajra, ragi and variety of pulses like Bengal gram, red gram, green gram, black gram and horse gram. The state agriculture produces the cash crops like cotton, sugarcane, oil seeds, coffee, tea, rubber, coconut, gingelly and chillies. The state is also involved in the horticultural products like mango and banana.

Largest crop productions

The state of Tamilnadu is known for the largest production of bananas, flowers, tapioca. Tamilnadu is the second largest producer of mangoes, natural rubber, coconut and groundnut. The state is third largest producer of coffee, sapota, tea and sugarcane. In India Tamilnadu's sugarcane acquiesce per hectare is the highest. The state has cultivated nearly 17,000 hectares of land for oil palm production which is the second highest in India. Rice being the main food of the state, paddy is grown in large surplus.

Suitable period and season for crop cultivation

The farmers in the state produce three types of crops depending upon the duration. The first one is the 'Kuruvai' that is short term crop. It is for the duration of 3 to 4 months from the month of June or July to October or November. The second crop is called as the 'Thaladi'. This is grown for nearly six month from the month of October or November to February or March. The third crop is 'Samba' which has the duration of nearly 6 months from August to January.

Tamilnadu horticulture technology

The state is considered as the best place for the production of variety of fruits, vegetables, spices, flowers, medicinal and aromatic plants as it has seven agro-climatic conditions and different soil types. The state has marked remarkable growth in the Horticulture production. Nearly 10.96 lakh ha land is used of the production of horticultural crops. In total Indian production Tamilnadu contributes 10% in fruit and 6% in vegetable production. The major fruit crops in Tamilnadu are banana and mangoes which cover total 87% of fruit production. The main vegetables grown in the state are tomatoes, onions, brinjal and drumsticks. The main flowers bloomed here are Jasmine, mullai, chrysanthemum, marigold and rose.


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