Climate and Geographical conditions of Kolkata, West Bengal
Kolkata is the state capital of West Bengal and it was also the capital of India during the British rule. Kolkata has a tropical wet and dry climate. Know about the climatic conditions of Kolkata as well as the geography of Kolkata by reading this article.
Climatic conditions of Kolkata
Kolkata has a tropical wet and dry climate. The annual man temperature of Kolkata is 26.8 degree Celsius or 80.2 degree Fahrenheit. The monthly mean temperature of Kolkata ranges from 19 degree Celsius or 66.2 degree Fahrenheit to 30 degree Celsius or 86.0 degree Fahrenheit. The summers in Kolkata are hot and humid with temperature above 30 degree Celsius during the day time and it exceeds up to 40 degree Celsius though the temperature falls down during the night time. The period of Summers in Kolkata is from March to May.
The winters in Kolkata last for a short period of time. The winters are only for two and a half months. Temperature in Kolkata during the winters ranges from 9 degree Celsius to 11 degree Celsius.
Winters in Kolkata is from the month of December to February.
Highest recorded temperature in Kolkata is 43.9 degree Celsius or 111 degree Fahrenheit.
Lowest recorded temperature in Kolkata is 5 degree Celsius or 41 degree Fahrenheit.
Hottest month of Kolkata is May with temperature ranging from 27 °C (80.6 °F) to 37 °C (98.6 °F).
Coldest month of Kolkata is January with a temperature ranging from 12 °C (53.6 °F) to 23 °C (73.4 °F).
During the early summers Kalbaishakhi storms are experienced. These bring heavy showers to the city followed by a huge storm. It has both advantages as well as disadvantages. Advantages because it brings a relief from the hot summer days with a calm climate after the rainfall and is has disadvantages as it destructive in nature.
Rainy Season in Kolkata is from June to September. Whole city is lashed under the heavy showers of rainfall. The South West monsoon winds flowing from the bay of Bengal brings rainfall to the city. Most of the rainfall in Kolkata is experienced during these months only. The annual rainfall in Kolkata is 1,582 mm (62 in).
The highest rainfall in Kolkata occurs during the month of August i.e. 306 mm.
2528 Hours of sunshine is received by Kolkata with a maximum amount of Sunshine received during the month of March.
Cyclones in Kolkata -
Kolkata has been devastated by several cyclones and has brought many destructions in the city. During the year 1737, there was a cyclone in Kolkata which killed thousands of people of Kolkata and has bought many destructions in the city. Another great cyclone was experienced during the year 1864. This cyclone killed almost about sixty thousand people of Kolkata which was a big number compared to the population of that time.
Geography of Kolkata
Kolkata is located n the eastern part of India at West Bengal. It is in the position 22°33′N 88°20′E in the Ganges Delta. The city of Kolkata is spread linearly on the Banks of the River Hooghly in a North South direction. Much of the city's important lands were a wetland which reclaimed over periods to sustain such a large population of the City. Still there are some wetlands remaining in the eastern part of Kolkata which is known as the East Calcutta Wetlands.
The soil type of Kolkata is alluvial like the most of the Indo Gangetic plains. The city of Kolkata falls under seismic zone-III according to the Bureau of Indian Standards.