Biography of Acharya Prafulla Chandra Roy: A Great Scientist of Bengal

Acharya Prafulla Chandra Roy, Founder of "Bengal Chemicals & Pharmaceuticals" was a great scientist and academician of Bengal.

Prafulla Chandra Roy was born on 2nd August, 1861. He was born in Raruli-Khatipara Village of Khulna District of Bengal, which is now in Bangladesh. His father was Harish Chandra Roy. He studied in Hare School and later, in Albert School. Later he studied B. Sc in Metropolitan Institution (now Vidyasagar College). He got ‘Gilchrist Prize Scholarship' and without completing his degree, he went to Edinburgh University in London, U.K. He passed the B.Sc. in 1886 and the D.Sc in 1887 from that university.
He dedicated himself in service of science. He discovered a chemical substance known as Mercurous Nitrate. He published a number of experiments on sulphonium halides, mercaptanic radicals, antimony Halides, ammonium nitrite and organic sulphides in the Journal of the Indian Chemical Society.
He was also a great reformer of Bengal. He couldn't bear the habits of Bengali's tendency of service work. He always encouraged Bengalis to do business work. He himself was a great entrepreneur and gifted Bengal the "Bengal Chemicals & Pharmaceuticals". It served greatly for human beings. He was a very honest person. He used original herbs for creating medicals. Once, 200 bottles of Medicine worsened a little bit. Other co-workers advised him to sell it. But Acharya Prafulla Chandra Roy broke all the bottles. He also involved himself in Relief-work and charity. He made several donations to several schools, colleges and even to the Calcutta University. He was also a great teacher. Some of his renowned students are Gyanchandra Mukherjee, Gyanchandra Ghosh, Meghnad Saha, Shanthi Swarup Bhatnagar, Nilratan Dhar etc.
Some of his literary works are : "A History of Hindu Chemistry from the Earliest Times to the Sixteenth Century", "Life and Experience of a Bengali Chemist" (his own autobiography),'Atma Charita' ( Bengali version of "Life and Experience of a Bengali Chemist") etc.
He was awarded with many awards and recognitions. He was awarded with Hope Prize, Fellowship of the Chemical Society, U.K, Doctorates and many honorary degrees from many foreign universities. He was awarded with Knighthood in 1917.
This famous scientist passed away in 16th June 1944 in Science College.


Guest Author: Kumaraditya Sarkar11 May 2010

Hello Mr. Dhar!

Thanks for coming up with such an informative resource. You know, what I like most in the life of this great man is his absolute down to earth simplicity. Let me tell you something I have read elsewhere.

One day Subhash Chandra Bose, yet to be known as Netaji and still then a student at the Presidency College, Kolkata, was organising a meeting with his friends and classmates in the college. They went to Acharya Prafulla Chandra Roy, their professor in the college, and asked him to chair the meeting. During the meeting they offered some cakes and cutlets as refreshment to the Chairman. Nevertheless, Prafulla Chandra refused to take them and simply ordered Muri-Narkel kora!

Now, one request before I conclude. Your article is very good but it is looking a bit untidy for want of space between the paragraphs. May I request you, therefore, to edit the same and insert proper spaces to add to the beauty of your wonderful resource?


Kumaraditya Sarkar.

Guest Author: Souvik Dhar12 May 2010

Hello Mr. Sarkar!

Thanks for your response. And, of course you can request that! Actually i wrote the article in MS Word and then write it here. In MS word the spacing between the paragraph was showing prominently. Now, I found the solution of this problem. I can edit it but, i don't know whether my points and cash credit will lower down or not! Please help.

With Regards,

Souvik Dhar

Guest Author: Kumaraditya Sarkar13 May 2010

Hello Mr. Dhar!

If you edit your article with proper spacing and keywords, it will be considered a New Submission and the points will initially revert back to the default point 2. Nevertheless, it will reviewed within due time and you will be credited cash and points once again.

Usually, the editors and/or webmasters never alter points or cash credits for this second review unless you change something drastically. They always approve it, and since proper spacing and keywording makes it more search engine friendly, who knows you might end up in gaining more points and cash credits as you edit?

If you type the resource in MS Word and then paste it here, make sure you break the paragraphs. Or, while typing in MS word you can use the BR html code for line breaking instead of hitting your Enter button. Now if you copy the entire thing and paste it here, the line breaks would be automatically shown in your resource.


Kumaraditya Sarkar.

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