Bodo Tribal Community of Assam

Bodo Tribal Community of Assam is considered as the earliest immigrants of Assam. This community plays a very important role in the culture and tradition of the state. This article will provide the information about the religion, language and livelihood of this tribe.

Bodo Tribe is known to be the earliest immigrants in Assam. This ethnic community is mainly concentrated in Brahmaputra valleys. It is the largest minority group of the state. It is believed that this tribe arrived in Assam from the Tibet through Bhutan passes. As, the primitive settlers of Assam valley, the bodo community is considered to be the most traditionally and culturally rich community of the state. The main settlement of Bodo tribe is in Kokrajhar town and the adjacent areas of Brahmaputra valley.
Bodo girl

Language of Bodo Tribe

Bodo people speak Bodo language. They have got this language from Tibeto- Burmese language family. For writing they used Roman script and Assamese script. Now they have taken up the Nagari script for their writing.

Culture and Religion

Bodo tribe is famous for their diverse culture and tradition. Their rich culture incorporates elements like dancing, singing etc which reflects the entire culture and tradition of the state. This tribal community has many surnames like Bargayary, Basumatary, Bodosa, Boro, Brahma, Dwimary, Goyary, Ishlary, Owary, Narzary etc through which one can easily identify their community. They have their own unique religion. They follow Brahma Dharma. They have many religious practices and beliefs, among which Bathouism has special importance. This is a special type of worship of progenitors.
dance of Bodo tribe

Food habit of Bodo tribe

This community is very fond of conventional drink called Zu mai. When people visit their house they used to offer this drink as a kind of respect. Their main food consists of non vegetarian dish like pork and fish. Oma Bedor, Onla and Narzi are their main cuisines.

Fairs and festival of Bodo tribe

Baishagu is the main festival of Bodo community. It is celebrated during the month of April every year. Colourful folk dances are performed during this festival.

Economy of Bodo tribe

Earlier, this tribe used to practiced cultivation and farming. Among them rice farming, tea plantation, poultry and silkworm rearing were the main occupation. Bodo people are expert in Bamboo craft. Weaving is the main occupation of Bodo women. Their handmade cloths are very famous in the state.


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