Interesting facts, health and nutrition benefits of various fruits


Fruits are very delicious and healthy to our body. This article covers how each fruits good to our health and prevents from disease. And also scientific name of the fruits and its family name specified in this article.

Apple


  • Scientific name – Aplicus rosacea

  • Family – Rose

Apple is originated between the region Black and Caspian Sea. The country china is the first to produce large amount of apple. The trees can live over 100 years. The medium size apple contains 4 grams of fiber and 80 calories and free in cholesterol, fat and sodium. It helps to improve memory power, clean and whiten the teeth. Apple juice is good for diaherria. Apple totally has 8000 varieties. An apple tree can produce 400 apples in a year. Cyanide compound is present in the apple seed. We all know the famous saying, "an apple a day keeps the doctor away".

Avacado


  • Scientific name – Persia americano

  • Family - Lauraceae

Alligator pear is another name of the avacado. It is most popular in the South America. Mexico is the first producer of avocado and Califonia stands in second. In a year, the tree can produce nearly 150 to 500 fruits and it is very high in protein. It contains minimum 300 calories and 30 grams of fat. It takes maximum 10 days to ripen the picked avocado fruit. They are 80 varieties of avocado. It keeps the digestion system in smooth and breakdown the carbohydrates and makes us to feel full.

Banana


  • Scientific name – Musa sapientum

  • Family - Musaceae

The fruit contains carbohydrates, iron, vitamin A and phosphorus and it is also rich in potassium and natural sugar. India is the first producer in the world to produce banana. If a group of bananas grow in single stem, it known as hand and single is known as finger. 125 grams is the average weight of the banana and it contains 75% of water. It is very rich in vitamin B6 and rich in vitamin C. We can get 1000 varieties of banana. The medium size banana has 105 calories, 0.39 grams of fat and 1.29 grams of protein. Since it contains potassium, it keeps the heart and nerve system in good level and good for kidneys and bones.

Papaya


  • Scientific name – Carica papaya

  • Family – caricaceae

India is in the first place to produce papaya. The small size fruit contains 59 calories, 0.21 grams of fat, 0.93 grams of protein. Vitamin A, C and E present in the fruit helps to prevent from nausea, morning sickness, heart disease and cancer disease. The fruit contains minerals, sodium, fiber, iron, magnesium, potassium and phosphorous. The fiber helps to reduce cholesterol and boost the body. It is good for weight loss, skin pores and anti aging. It cures also dandruff problem and regular menstruation for women. The seed in the papaya will be spicy and so in some place they blend the seed and use for salads instead of pepper.

Orange


  • Scientific name – Citrus sinensis

  • Family – Rutacea

The fruit has good flavor and high in vitamin B. 100 gram of orange contains 50 calories, 0.7 grams of protein, 0.21 grams of fat, 45 milligrams of Vitamin C and also contains potassium, zinc, iron, citric acid, magnesium, phosphorus and calcium. Eating orange prevent from cancer upto 45% to 50% and also reduce stroke. Since it is very rich in Vitamin C, eating more orange leads to diaherria and it will makes the body to lose a lot of water. And the result is weight loss. Brazil is the first country in producing orange and 600 varieties of oranges are available.

Pomegranate


  • Scientific name – Punica granatum

  • Family - lyrthaceae

We can get 760 varieties in this fruit. The word 'pomegranate' is a latin word which 'pomom' means apple and 'granatus' means seeds. One pomegranate has 100 calories, 5 grams of fiber and free in fat. It is good in Vitamin A, C and E and reduces the risk of heart diseases, stroke and prevent from dental plaque. It also fights for lung cancer, breast cancer. It also helps to lowers the cholesterol and blood pressure. Kandahar - the city in Afghanistan is producing major crop of this fruit.

Pineapple


  • Scientific name – Ananas comosus

  • Family - Bromeliaceae

Philippines are the top to produce the pineapple and followed by the Brazil. The each pineapple plant will produces only one pineapple in two years. The tree can live for 50 years. The pineapple canning industry uses the pineapple skin for making the alcohol, vinegar and animal feed. The pineapple is filled with Vitamin A, C, calcium, phosphorous and potassium. It prevents from cold and cough, keeps the bones strong, improves digestion and also healthy the gums. One slice i.e. 80 grams of pineapple contains 33 calories and 0.2 grams of fat. More than 100 varieties of this fruit are available.

Grapes


  • Scientific name – vitis vinifera

  • Family - Vitaceae

8000 varieties of this fruit are available. Grapes are loads with Vitamin K and C and low in calories, cholesterol, fat, sodium. Wines are made from grapes. Italy is the first country to produce large amount of grapes. It prevents from cataract, asthma, heart disease, breast cancer, kidney disorders, anti aging etc. They are 80% of water and 20% of sugar present in the grapes.

Strawberry


  • Scientific name – Fragaria ananassa

  • Family - Rose

USA is first in high production of strawberry. It can live maximum 6 years and they are more than 600 varieties of strawberry. It is rich in Vitamin C, magnesium, potassium. It is the only fruit which has seeds outside and nearly has 200 seeds. Strawberry are said to be cancer fighting good and fight for stress. It produce more energy in the body and keeps immune system strong. It is good for blood pressure, muscles and nerves and for healthy teeth. And one cup of strawberry has 49 calories, 0.46 grams of fat, and 1.02 grams of protein.

Jackfruit


  • Scientific name – Artocarpus heterophyllus

  • Family – Mulberry (moraceae)

The fruit contains anti-ulcer benefit which is solves the ulcer and digestion disorder problems. Vitamin A and C, iron, potassium, calcium, niacin and many nutrients are present in the fruit. It is good for eye related problem and healthy skin. It prevents from thyroid and cancer, improves immune system, asthma problem, reduce the high blood pressure and good for bones. One cup of sliced jackfruit contains 155 calories, 5 grams of fat and 2.43 grams of proteins. The fruit is grown in tropical countries and very famous in India and Sri Lanka. They are many varieties of jackfruit but they segmented into only two categories – crisp and soft flesh.

Cantaloupe


  • Scientific name – Cucumis melo

  • Family - Cucurbitaceae

Muskmelon is the other common name of the fruit. They are 54 calories, 0.3 grams of fat and1.34grams of protein in one cup of cantaloupe. China is first in production of cantaloupe. The fruit loads with Vitamin A, B6 and C, niacin and potassium. It prevents excess water retention at time of pregnancy. Vitamin B6 in the fruit helps to stable the blood sugar which is good for diabetic patients. Vitamin A prevents from cancer disease and also good for healthy vision. Vitamin C fights for infections and prevent from stroke and heart problems. Superstar, athena, ambrosia, fastbreak are some varieties of cantaloupe.

Mango


  • Scientific name - Mangifera

  • Family - Anacardiaceae

Mango is very delicious fruit. India is in the first place to produce mango and second is China. Fruiting period of mango is from May to July. They are thousands of varieties of mangoes grown in the world and more than eighty varieties grown in India. 135 calories, 0.56 grams of fat and1.06 grams of protein present in the one mango fruit. Vitamins like A, B1, B2, B6, C, E, K and minerals like potassium, calcium, magnesium, phosphorous, iron, fiber, sodium, copper and zinc contain in the fruit. It lowers the cholesterol, cleans the pimples in the skin, prevent from cancer and night blindness and also for healthy eyes. Mango is ranked as a number one favourite fruit in the world.

Sapodilla


  • Scientific name - Achras sapote/ Manilkara zapota

  • Family - Sapotaceae

The tree grows very fast and can produce 200 fruits in a year. One sapodilla loads with 141 calories, 1.87 grams of fat and 0.75 grams of protein. The fruit contains vitamin A, C and minerals like zinc, selenium, copper magnesium and phosphorous. Controls high blood pressure, increase memory power, lowers the cholesterol, prevent from stroke and heart disease. Since the fruit is good in fiber it helps to reduce the weight. India, Malaysia, Indonesia, Bangladesh produces huge sapodilla fruits.

Watermelon


  • Scientific name – Citrullus lanatus

  • Family – Cucurbitaceae

92% of water and 8% of sugar contains in watermelon. It is good to eat one cup of slicked watermelon that improves the sleep and keeps the skin younger and also protects from sun damaged skin problem. In this one cup it consists of 46 calories, 0.23 grams of fat and 0.93 grams of protein. Vitamin B6 in the fruit can boost the energy in the body. They are 1200 varieties of watermelon is available in 96 countries. Vitamin A and C also present in the fruit helps to prevent from breast cancer, lung cancer, colon cancer, heart diseases and reduce the stone growth in the kidney. The fruit is free from cholesterol. China in the top places of production the watermelon and second is turkey.

Kiwi


  • Scientific name – Actinidia deliciosa

  • Family – Actinidiaceae

Kiwi fruit is the national fruit to china and also known as macaque peach. In one kiwi fruit they are 46 calories, 0.4 grams of fat and 0.87 grams of protein. It consists of Vitamin C, E, A, some B – complex and rich in potassium, copper and magnesium. The fruit taste is mixture of pineapple, strawberry and banana. It helps to prevent from hyper tension, depression, cancer disease, stress control and also good for healthy eye, weight balance, boost the energy in the body. The country New Zealand is the first place to produce kiwi fruit.

Blackberry


  • Scientific name – Rubus fruticosus

  • Family – Rosaceae

One cup of blackberry fruit consists of 62 calories, 0.71 grams of fat and 2 grams of protein. The aggregate fruit of blackberries loads with Vitamin A, B complex, C, E, K and rich in minerals – potassium, calcium, phosphorous and magnesium. It controls sugar in the blood, improves digestion, lowers the cholesterol and helps to weight loss. Thyroid people can prefer this fruit since it gives proper function to heart, lungs, digestion and also healthy the nail, hair and bones. It is also good for eye vision, diabetes patients, cancer problem and skin disease. The fruit is useful to make jam. The fruit cropped well in Africa and Asia continent.

Fig


  • Scientific name – Ficus carica

  • Family – Moraceae

Turkey is the first to produce the fig. vitamin A, E ,K present in the fruit helps to protect from infection, cancer and diabetics. And rich in minerals like calcium, iron, potassium, copper and magnesium that control the heart rate and blood pressure. It also prevent from sexual weakness, asthma, weight control and hyper tension. The fruit has low calorie, only 74 calories in 100 grams of figs.

Peach


  • Scientific name – Prunus persica

  • Family – Rosaceae

China is the first to produce the huge peach and followed by Italy. The fruit has more than 2000 varieties. The fruit is less in calories in which only 39 calories in 100 grams of fruits. The fruit does not have any bitter and acid particles. The high benefit of the fruit is it increases the lifespan. The fruit contains only vitamin C and some B complex. It prevents from cancer and improves eye vision. It also protect from abdominal disease and skin to glow.


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